Appium Python API 汇总-上篇(中文版)

2018-02-09 14:04:00
大管家
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网络搜集而来,留着备用,方便自己也方便他人。感谢总结的人!

1.contexts

contexts(self):

    Returns the contexts within the current session.

    返回当前会话中的上下文,使用后可以识别H5页面的控件

    :Usage:

        driver.contexts

用法 driver.contexts

2. current_context

current_context(self):

    Returns the current context of the current session.

    返回当前会话的当前上下文

    :Usage:

        driver.current_context

用法driver. current_context

3. context

context(self):

    Returns the current context of the current session.

    返回当前会话的当前上下文。

    :Usage:

        driver.context

用法driver. Context

4. find_element_by_ios_uiautomation

find_element_by_ios_uiautomation(self, uia_string):

Finds an element by uiautomation in iOS.

    通过iOS uiautomation查找元素

    :Args:

     - uia_string - The element name in the iOS UIAutomation library

    :Usage:

        driver.find_element_by_ios_uiautomation('.elements()[1].cells()[2]')

用法dr. find_element_by_ios_uiautomation(‘elements’)

5. find_element_by_accessibility_id

find_element_by_accessibility_id(self, id):

Finds an element by accessibility id.

    通过accessibility id查找元素

    :Args:

     - id - a string corresponding to a recursive element search using the

     Id/Name that the native Accessibility options utilize

    :Usage:

        driver.find_element_by_accessibility_id()

用法driver.find_element_by_accessibility_id(‘id’)

6.scroll

scroll(self, origin_el, destination_el):

Scrolls from one element to another

    从元素origin_el滚动至元素destination_el

    :Args:

     - originalEl - the element from which to being scrolling

     - destinationEl - the element to scroll to

    :Usage:

        driver.scroll(el1, el2)

用法 driver.scroll(el1,el2)

7. drag_and_drop

drag_and_drop(self, origin_el, destination_el):

Drag the origin element to the destination element

    将元素origin_el拖到目标元素destination_el

    :Args:

     - originEl - the element to drag

     - destinationEl - the element to drag to

用法 driver.drag_and_drop(el1,el2)

8.tap

tap(self, positions, duration=None):

Taps on an particular place with up to five fingers, holding for a certain time

模拟手指点击(最多五个手指),可设置按住时间长度(毫秒)

    :Args:

     - positions - an array of tuples representing the x/y coordinates of

     the fingers to tap. Length can be up to five.

     - duration - (optional) length of time to tap, in ms

    :Usage:

        driver.tap([(100, 20), (100, 60), (100, 100)], 500)

用法 driver.tap([(x,y),(x1,y1)],500)

9. swipe

swipe(self, start_x, start_y, end_x, end_y, duration=None):

Swipe from one point to another point, for an optional duration.

    从A点滑动至B点,滑动时间为毫秒

    :Args:

     - start_x - x-coordinate at which to start

     - start_y - y-coordinate at which to start

     - end_x - x-coordinate at which to stop

     - end_y - y-coordinate at which to stop

     - duration - (optional) time to take the swipe, in ms.

    :Usage:

        driver.swipe(100, 100, 100, 400)

用法 driver.swipe(x1,y1,x2,y2,500)

10.flick

flick(self, start_x, start_y, end_x, end_y):

Flick from one point to another point.

    按住A点后快速滑动至B点

    :Args:

     - start_x - x-coordinate at which to start

     - start_y - y-coordinate at which to start

     - end_x - x-coordinate at which to stop

     - end_y - y-coordinate at which to stop

    :Usage:

        driver.flick(100, 100, 100, 400)

用法 driver.flick(x1,y1,x2,y2)

11.pinch

pinch(self, element=None, percent=200, steps=50):

Pinch on an element a certain amount

    在元素上执行模拟双指捏(缩小操作)

    :Args:

     - element - the element to pinch

     - percent - (optional) amount to pinch. Defaults to 200%

     - steps - (optional) number of steps in the pinch action

    :Usage:

        driver.pinch(element)

用法 driver.pinch(element)

12.zoom

zoom(self, element=None, percent=200, steps=50):

Zooms in on an element a certain amount

    在元素上执行放大操作

    :Args:

     - element - the element to zoom

     - percent - (optional) amount to zoom. Defaults to 200%

     - steps - (optional) number of steps in the zoom action

    :Usage:

        driver.zoom(element)

用法 driver.zoom(element)

13.reset

reset(self):

Resets the current application on the device.

重置应用(类似删除应用数据)

用法 driver.reset()

14. hide_keyboard

hide_keyboard(self, key_name=None, key=None, strategy=None):

Hides the software keyboard on the device. In iOS, use `key_name` to press a particular key, or `strategy`. In Android, no parameters are used.

    隐藏键盘,iOS使用key_name隐藏,安卓不使用参数

    :Args:

     - key_name - key to press

     - strategy - strategy for closing the keyboard (e.g., `tapOutside`)

driver.hide_keyboard()

15. keyevent

keyevent(self, keycode, metastate=None):

Sends a keycode to the device. Android only. Possible keycodes can be found in http://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/KeyEvent.html.

    发送按键码(安卓仅有),按键码可以上网址中找到

    :Args:

     - keycode - the keycode to be sent to the device

     - metastate - meta information about the keycode being sent

用法 dr.keyevent(‘4’)

16. press_keycode

press_keycode(self, keycode, metastate=None):

Sends a keycode to the device. Android only. Possible keycodes can be found in http://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/KeyEvent.html.

    发送按键码(安卓仅有),按键码可以上网址中找到

    :Args:

     - keycode - the keycode to be sent to the device

     - metastate - meta information about the keycode being sent

用法 driver.press_ keycode(‘4’)

dr.keyevent(‘4’)与driver.press_ keycode(‘4’) 功能实现上一样的,都是按了返回键

17. long_press_keycode

long_press_keycode(self, keycode, metastate=None):

Sends a long press of keycode to the device. Android only. Possible keycodes can be

    found in http://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/KeyEvent.html.

    发送一个长按的按键码(长按某键)

    :Args:

     - keycode - the keycode to be sent to the device

     - metastate - meta information about the keycode being sent

 用法 driver.long_press_keycode(‘4’)

18.current_activity

current_activity(self):

Retrieves the current activity on the device.

获取当前的activity

用法 print(driver.current_activity())

19. wait_activity

wait_activity(self, activity, timeout, interval=1):

Wait for an activity: block until target activity presents or time out.

    This is an Android-only method.

    等待指定的activity出现直到超时,interval为扫描间隔1秒

即每隔几秒获取一次当前的activity

返回的True 或 False

    :Agrs:

     - activity - target activity

     - timeout - max wait time, in seconds

     - interval - sleep interval between retries, in seconds

用法driver.wait_activity(‘.activity.xxx’,5,2)

20. background_app

background_app(self, seconds):

Puts the application in the background on the device for a certain duration.

    后台运行app多少秒

    :Args:

     - seconds - the duration for the application to remain in the background

用法 driver.background_app(5)   置后台5秒后再运行

21.is_app_installed

is_app_installed(self, bundle_id):

Checks whether the application specified by `bundle_id` is installed on the device.

    检查app是否有安装

返回 True or False

    :Args:

     - bundle_id - the id of the application to query

用法 driver.is_app_installed(“com.xxxx”)

22.install_app

install_app(self, app_path):

Install the application found at `app_path` on the device.

    安装app,app_path为安装包路径

    :Args:

     - app_path - the local or remote path to the application to install

用法 driver.install_app(app_path)

23.remove_app

remove_app(self, app_id):

Remove the specified application from the device.

    删除app

    :Args:

     - app_id - the application id to be removed

用法 driver.remove_app(“com.xxx.”)

24.launch_app

launch_app(self):

Start on the device the application specified in the desired capabilities.

启动app

用法 driver.launch_app()

25.close_app

close_app(self):

Stop the running application, specified in the desired capabilities, on the device.

关闭app

用法 driver.close_app()

启动和关闭app运行好像会出错

26. start_activity

start_activity(self, app_package, app_activity, **opts):

Opens an arbitrary activity during a test. If the activity belongs to

    another application, that application is started and the activity is opened.

    This is an Android-only method.

    在测试过程中打开任意活动。如果活动属于另一个应用程序,该应用程序的启动和活动被打开。

这是一个安卓的方法

    :Args:

    - app_package - The package containing the activity to start.

    - app_activity - The activity to start.

    - app_wait_package - Begin automation after this package starts (optional).

    - app_wait_activity - Begin automation after this activity starts (optional).

    - intent_action - Intent to start (optional).

    - intent_category - Intent category to start (optional).

    - intent_flags - Flags to send to the intent (optional).

    - optional_intent_arguments - Optional arguments to the intent (optional).

    - stop_app_on_reset - Should the app be stopped on reset (optional)?

用法 driver.start_activity(app_package, app_activity)

27.lock

lock(self, seconds):

Lock the device for a certain period of time. iOS only.

    锁屏一段时间  iOS专有

    :Args:

     - the duration to lock the device, in seconds

用法 driver.lock()

28.shake

shake(self):

Shake the device.

摇一摇手机

用法 driver.shake()

29.open_notifications

open_notifications(self):

Open notification shade in Android (API Level 18 and above)

打系统通知栏(仅支持API 18 以上的安卓系统)

用法 driver.open_notifications()

30.network_connection

network_connection(self):

Returns an integer bitmask specifying the network connection type.

    Android only.

返回网络类型  数值

    Possible values are available through the enumeration `appium.webdriver.ConnectionType`

用法 driver.network_connection

31. set_network_connection

set_network_connection(self, connectionType):

Sets the network connection type. Android only.

    Possible values:

        Value (Alias)      | Data | Wifi | Airplane Mode

        -------------------------------------------------

        0 (None)           | 0    | 0    | 0

        1 (Airplane Mode)  | 0    | 0    | 1

        2 (Wifi only)      | 0    | 1    | 0

        4 (Data only)      | 1    | 0    | 0

        6 (All network on) | 1    | 1    | 0

    These are available through the enumeration appium.webdriver.ConnectionType`

    设置网络类型

    :Args:

     - connectionType - a member of the enum appium.webdriver.ConnectionType

用法  先加载from appium.webdriver.connectiontype import ConnectionType

dr.set_network_connection(ConnectionType.WIFI_ONLY)

ConnectionType的类型有

NO_CONNECTION = 0

AIRPLANE_MODE = 1

WIFI_ONLY = 2

DATA_ONLY = 4

ALL_NETWORK_ON = 6

32. available_ime_engines

available_ime_engines(self):

Get the available input methods for an Android device. Package and activity are returned (e.g., ['com.android.inputmethod.latin/.LatinIME'])

    Android only.

返回安卓设备可用的输入法

用法print(driver.available_ime_engines)

33.is_ime_active

is_ime_active(self):

Checks whether the device has IME service active. Returns True/False.

    Android only.

检查设备是否有输入法服务活动。返回真/假。

安卓

用法 print(driver.is_ime_active())

34.activate_ime_engine

activate_ime_engine(self, engine):

Activates the given IME engine on the device.

    Android only.

    激活安卓设备中的指定输入法,设备可用输入法可以从“available_ime_engines”获取

    :Args:

     - engine - the package and activity of the IME engine to activate (e.g.,

        'com.android.inputmethod.latin/.LatinIME')

用法 driver.activate_ime_engine(“com.android.inputmethod.latin/.LatinIME”)

35.deactivate_ime_engine

deactivate_ime_engine(self):

Deactivates the currently active IME engine on the device.

    Android only.

关闭安卓设备当前的输入法

用法 driver.deactivate_ime_engine()

36.active_ime_engine

active_ime_engine(self):

Returns the activity and package of the currently active IME engine (e.g.,

    'com.android.inputmethod.latin/.LatinIME').

    Android only.

    返回当前输入法的包名

用法 driver.active_ime_engine

37. toggle_location_services

toggle_location_services(self):

Toggle the location services on the device. Android only.

打开安卓设备上的位置定位设置

用法 driver.toggle_location_services()

38.set_location

set_location(self, latitude, longitude, altitude):

Set the location of the device

    设置设备的经纬度

    :Args:

     - latitude纬度 - String or numeric value between -90.0 and 90.00

     - longitude经度 - String or numeric value between -180.0 and 180.0

     - altitude海拔高度- String or numeric value

用法 driver.set_location(纬度,经度,高度)

39.tag_name

tag_name(self):

This element's ``tagName`` property.

返回元素的tagName属性

经实践返回的是class name

用法 element.tag_name()

40.text

text(self):

The text of the element.

    返回元素的文本值

用法 element.text()

41.click

click(self):

Clicks the element.

  点击元素

用法 element.click()

42.submit

submit(self):

Submits a form.

    提交表单

用法 暂无

43.clear

clear(self):

Clears the text if it's a text entry element.

    清除输入的内容

用法 element.clear()

44.get_attribute

get_attribute(self, name):

详见@chenhengjie123 的超级链接

Gets the given attribute or property of the element.

1、获取 content-desc 的方法为 get_attribute("name") ,而且还不能保证返回的一定是 content-desc (content-desc 为空时会返回 text 属性值)

2、get_attribute 方法不是我们在 uiautomatorviewer 看到的所有属性都能获取的(此处的名称均为使用 get_attribute 时使用的属性名称):

可获取的:

字符串类型:

name(返回 content-desc 或 text)

text(返回 text)

className(返回 class,只有 API=>18 才能支持)

resourceId(返回 resource-id,只有 API=>18 才能支持)

    This method will first try to return the value of a property with the

    given name. If a property with that name doesn't exist, it returns the

    value of the attribute with the same name. If there's no attribute with

    that name, ``None`` is returned.

    Values which are considered truthy, that is equals "true" or "false",

    are returned as booleans.  All other non-``None`` values are returned

    as strings.  For attributes or properties which do not exist, ``None``

    is returned.

    :Args:

        - name - Name of the attribute/property to retrieve.

    Example::

        # Check if the "active" CSS class is applied to an element.

        is_active = "active" in target_element.get_attribute("class")

用法 暂无

45.is_selected

is_selected(self):

Returns whether the element is selected.

    Can be used to check if a checkbox or radio button is selected.

返回元素是否选择。

可以用来检查一个复选框或单选按钮被选中。

用法 element.is_slected()

46.is_enabled

is_enabled(self):

Returns whether the element is enabled.

    返回元素是否可用True of False

用法 element.is_enabled()

47.find_element_by_id

find_element_by_id(self, id_):

Finds element within this element's children by ID.

    通过元素的ID定位元素

    :Args:

        - id_ - ID of child element to locate.

用法 driver. find_element_by_id(“id”)

48. find_elements_by_id

find_elements_by_id(self, id_):

Finds a list of elements within this element's children by ID.

    通过元素ID定位,含有该属性的所有元素

    :Args:

        - id_ - Id of child element to find.

用法 driver. find_elements_by_id(“id”)

49. find_element_by_name

find_element_by_name(self, name):

Finds element within this element's children by name.

     通过元素Name定位(元素的名称属性text)

    :Args:

        - name - name property of the element to find.

用法 driver.find_element_by_name(“name”)

50. find_elements_by_name

find_elements_by_name(self, name):

Finds a list of elements within this element's children by name.

    通过元素Name定位(元素的名称属性text),含有该属性的所有元素

    :Args:

        - name - name property to search for.

用法 driver.find_element_by_name(“name”)

51. find_element_by_link_text

find_element_by_link_text(self, link_text):

Finds element within this element's children by visible link text.

    通过元素可见链接文本定位

    :Args:

        - link_text - Link text string to search for.

用法 driver.find_element_by_link_text(“text”)

52. find_elements_by_link_text

find_element_by_link_text(self, link_text):

 Finds a list of elements within this element's children by visible link text

    通过元素可见链接文本定位,含有该属性的所有元素

    :Args:

        - link_text - Link text string to search for.

用法 driver.find_elements_by_link_text(“text”)

53. find_element_by_partial_link_text

find_element_by_partial_link_text(self, link_text):

Finds element within this element's children by partially visible link text.

    通过元素部分可见链接文本定位

    :Args:

        - link_text - Link text string to search for.

driver. find_element_by_partial_link_text(“text”)

54. find_elements_by_partial_link_text

find_elements_by_partial_link_text(self, link_text):

Finds a list of elements within this element's children by link text.

    通过元素部分可见链接文本定位,含有该属性的所有元素

    :Args:

        - link_text - Link text string to search for.

driver. find_elements_by_partial_link_text(“text”)

55. find_element_by_tag_name

find_element_by_tag_name(self, name):

Finds element within this element's children by tag name.

    通过查找html的标签名称定位元素

    :Args:

        - name - name of html tag (eg: h1, a, span)

用法  driver.find_element_by_tag_name(“name”)

56. find_elements_by_tag_name

find_elements_by_tag_name(self, name):

Finds a list of elements within this element's children by tag name.

   通过查找html的标签名称定位所有元素

    :Args:

        - name - name of html tag (eg: h1, a, span)

用法driver.find_elements_by_tag_name(“name”)

57. find_element_by_xpath

find_element_by_xpath(self, xpath):

Finds element by xpath.

    通过Xpath定位元素,详细方法可参阅http://www.w3school.com.cn/xpath/

    :Args:

        xpath - xpath of element to locate.  "//input[@class='myelement']"

    Note: The base path will be relative to this element's location.

    This will select the first link under this element.

    ::

        myelement.find_elements_by_xpath(".//a")

    However, this will select the first link on the page.

    ::

        myelement.find_elements_by_xpath("//a")

用法 find_element_by_xpath(“//*”)

58. find_elements_by_xpath

find_elements_by_xpath(self, xpath):

Finds elements within the element by xpath.

    :Args:

        - xpath - xpath locator string.

    Note: The base path will be relative to this element's location.

    This will select all links under this element.

    ::

        myelement.find_elements_by_xpath(".//a")

    However, this will select all links in the page itself.

    ::

        myelement.find_elements_by_xpath("//a")

用法find_elements_by_xpath(“//*”)


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